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tv   Al Jazeera World News  LINKTV  December 19, 2012 5:30am-6:00am PST

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the prime minister has condemned the attacks and praised the work of the polio vaccination team. pakistan is one of three countries in the world where polio is still endemic. it is considered the key battleground in the global fight against the disease, which attacks the nervous system and could cause permanent paralysis within hours of infection. polio paralyzed almost 200 children here in 2011, the worst
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figures in 15 years. health experts not only fear more violence against the workers but also a sharp increase in the number of young people who contract a preventable disease. al jazeera, islam about. >> pakistan is one of three countries were poked -- polio is still widespread, along with afghanistan and nigeria. who launched its anti plebeian drive and pakistan in -- by 2005, only 28 cases were recorded across the country. after that year, a concerted campaign by extremist groups led to a decrease in the number of polio vaccinations. there were 190 polio cases in 2011, most of them in the country piece in northwest. healthpeak to the world organization piece a director for the eastern mediterranean joining us now on the telephone from cairo. the deaths of nine health workers in 24 hours in pakistan is surely an alarming six ways
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and. >> very tragic. this is really a sad day for global health, but said they also for the children in pakistan. we joined the government of pakistan in condemning the killings that have been taking place over the last three days. >> while you are condemning the killings taking place in pakistan, why weren't these volunteers putting their lives at risk and in fact, polio workers have been threatened in the past, why weren't they given adequate protection? >> the government of pakistan is organizing these campaigns with support of the world health organization, unicef, international partners. we do our very best to protect all polio workers in pakistan. but you know, this is a huge country and the government of pakistan is of course organizing these campaigns. >> but this is a campaign backed
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by the united nations and the world health organization. why isn't the world health organization involved more and the protection of these people? >> we are involved as much as we can, of course. we have a security system within who to protect people who are actually working in the polio program, including the polio vaccination. a huge program, affecting all parts of pakistan and the ownership of the programs, of course, given to the program. it is a collective responsibility for all of us. this has been isolated. it had never actually attained the problem we have seen at this stage. it is a completely new development. >> does the w. host: than accept responsibility for these nine deaths and do you admit a
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failure in providing or not providing cover rather, adequate security? do you accepted that? >> w h l accepts full responsibility for any loss of life or injury that affects the people who employs in the program. this includes all of the people of the people with contracts with us. so w.h.o. accepts responsibility for incidents that have affected those people recruited. absolutely. >> your eradication program and pakistan really depends on the thousands of volunteers to come out and risk their lives to participate in this polio eradication program for you. this has made your job of lot harder, hasn't it? >> not for w.h.o. -- for health and pakistan and the pakistani people and for global health in general.
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these are the three countries that have not been able to eradicate the virus. w.h.o., unicef, and their governments and when their best to eliminate the virus so we can achieve the global goal. >> the u.n. has announced it is suspending the campaign. can you tell us for how long? and also there is the argument the suspension will in fact and cover to those to come out who oppose it. >> the suspension of program is the responsibility of the government. there will be no suspension of the program as far as day-to-day activities are concerned within w.h.o. and unicef. i think what you are actually meaning is campaign, vaccination campaign. this is the responsibility of the provinces in pakistan the
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and also the government of pakistan. >> just for clarity's say, the united nations is not suspending its pull your eradication campaign in pakistan? is whot we are saying and unicef and other partners will continue to support the government of pakistan, but we are actually taking extreme security measures to ensure that people working within these organizations and people who have contracts with these organizations are safe and are protected. >> all right, thank you for talking to us, out of cairo. >> votes are being counted in self correa's presidential election. polls closed about two hours ago. exit polls conducted by tv stations and just center-right candidate park-geun hye has a lead over her liberal opponent
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but within the margin of error. the very high and voter turnout, despite the coldest weather wasn't any presidential polls and the began in 1987. nearly 76% of south koreans voted. it compares to nearly 63% in the 2007 election and 71% in 2002. let's find out the very latest. perry joins us from the south korean capital. -- harry joins us. we are awaiting official announcements. when can we expect it to happen? >> it could be any time really in terms of the victory acknowledgement or even a concession in the next two or three hours, depending on how close the numbers become. speaking to a couple of senior advisers, one in each party. the adviser for the park-geun hye see more relaxed and
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confident. suggesting the exit poll, by no means conclusive, that put the candidate had gained the edge. but he said if they did with it would be at by a razor-thin. the democratic united party adviser was saying that seemed to be in better shape of the exit polls, they finished pulling with an hour still to go in voting. could be a late spurt of the support. the most substantial paul -- poll so far, they say that lead is still within their own margin of error. in terms of the latest results from behind me, nationwide, about 10% of the votes so far have been counted. hye has been ahead in the early voting. she's down -- stands about 63% -- 53%. park leading areas has been
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reporting first. the lead has been shrinking in the last few minutes and we expected to shrink further. we are awaiting once there is 20% to 30%, to make the move saying yes, we have one or lost. >> thank you very much, harry. greece is bracing for more public-sector strikes against government austerity measures. the rail system has ground to a halt. but there has been good news. rating agency standard and poor's upgraded greece's standing, making it much easier to borrow money in international markets. it is the second-biggest fine levied on a bank. switzerland that the ubs agreed to pay $1.5 billion in penalties. regulators in the u.s., u.k. and sorts when charged ubs and manipulating a key interest rate known as libor. >> his was person -- pervasive manipulation of global benchmark
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interest rates by dozens of staff across three continents. and the heavy fine reflects the regulator's concerns. the ubs chief executives said those of all but the extent of the fraud and bribes maybe revealed by further criminal investigations. in just one instance revealed by the u.k. financial services authority, ubs made corrupt payments of around $24,000 a quarter for 18 months to brokers to thank them for helping them manipulate the global industry. libor is used to price more than $350 trillion of contracts around the world. potential losers include pension funds, insurance companies, and individuals. more than a dozen banks have been caught up in an international inquiry and there are more cases to come.
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>> i would imagine there are probably more skeletons in the covered, and that really think that some point policy makers and regulators need to start focusing on the fact that we will probably need banks to engineer a recovery in growth. and at some point there needs to be a line in the sand drawn. i think regulators need to be careful about regulating too high fines. >> the u.k. authorities have already arrested three people in connection with a serious fraud office is criminal libor investigation. >> shareholders by getting more and more aggressive in terms of asking serious questions about banking management with respect to practices and money laundering and manipulation, but has not been enough to really drive an enormous are really definitive change in banking culture as a result. this is why many people say financial penalties will not be as significant as the criminal penalties that might fall. >> it has been a tough years for ubs. already rocked by a row the
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trading scandal, u.s. tax investigation and a huge subprime losses. al jazeera -- central london. >> do you and prepares for more refugees from the syrian conflict. it expects more than a million to arrive in neighboring countries by june. we will bring you a live report in just a moment. a hard lesson for some students in south africa. why quality education is still an issue years after the end of apartheid. >> it certainly has been very wet for some of us and the southeastern part of europe. using a massive cloud spinning around, giving us the very heavy downpours. further north, generally fine and subtle but it does mean this time of year it is also incredibly cold. don't adjust your sets -- this
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is the snow blowing through. a blizzard. we are seeing very cold conditions across many parts of russia down through to the ukraine and poland as well. snow and ice is already on the ground and causing quite a few problems with the driving as well. for many of us in the eastern parts of europe, it will stay very cold but the system over the southeastern parts will be spinning around and also giving heavy showers across parts of libya down through egypt as well. for the western parts of northern africa, mostly fine and subtle. not a great deal of problems with the weather. to the east, some of the showers could turn out rather strong. but whether it can also be making its way further to the east, too. already plenty of heavy downpours -- and more heading through thursday. all of it pushing steadily toward the east. kuwait will likely to see clouds and just a chance of thunderstorms.
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of the people in these
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camps have fled violence or poverty elsewhere in the country. the government has no where to put them. and elsewhere across afghanistan, aid groups are trying to distribute emergency supplies to the most vulnerable. each family has been given enough firewood for about a month. after that, there is not enough funding for any more and winter will have another two or three months to run. no firewood could mean the difference between life and death for a family like this. huddled in one of the mud huts. >> this is just the start of winter and we don't know what happened. last year's six children died here. already this year, two children have died in this camp. >> do you n and afghanistan said donors had afghan fatigue. one appeal made on behalf of 63 humanitarian agencies for projects across a country receive $214 million, half of what is required. as one aid worker here remarked,
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the needs of the people have not disappeared but the money has. bernard smith, al jazeera, kabul. >> a government appointed panel accused the u.s. state department of not doing enough to protect diplomats in libya. the panel investigated a series of tax at the u.s. mission in benghazi and september, including one this killed the ambassador and three members of the staff. it was not on the panel's list of recommendations. >> the september 11 attack on the u.s. consulate in benghazi. four americans, including the ambassador to libya, were killed. an investigation concluded systemic operational failures at the u.s. state department helped make the attack possible. investigators found a security was grossly lacking, leaving the consulate's vulnerable to attack. but they confirmed the obama administration bicycling that it had had no intelligence predicting any attack was imminent. the report also blamed the new
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libyan government for its profoundly lacking response to the attack. the panel's chairman and vice chairman will brief members of congress behind closed doors wednesday. in a letter submitted to members of congress, secretary hillary clinton accepted the report piece of criticism and took responsibility for them. it is not the first time clinton has done so, but it not -- may not mollify congressional republicans who suspect the administration was trying to conceal a terrorist attack from the public. in fact, they essentially accused u.n. ambassador susan rice of doing just that when she spoke publicly soon after the attack. rice recently dropped out of contention to succeed clanton as secretary of state. so, what happens now? hundreds of u.s. marines are being deployed to provide security in so-called hot spot locations. more diplomatic security officers are being hired and supervisors are being required to plan for possible threats. but no one will be fired.
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something that may not go over well with congress. clinton has been ill, both with a stomach virus and a mild concussion so will not able to testify as planned before congress thursday. congressional republicans say when she gets better they will expect to come and talk about the attack on in benghazi, which happened at the end of her watch. even as she is trying to wrap up reservists as the u.s.'s top diplomat. rosalind jordan, al jazeera, washington. >> when the peace deal was signed between sudan and south sudan, an area fell through the gaps given to another company. a report from no-man's land on the threat to local livelihood'' and efforts to keep the peace. >> socially, economically, and culturally, -- cattle are of extreme importance. it is not uncommon for them to
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-- songs about cows. straddling the border between sudan and south to then, it is the traditional home. when the two countries split last year, the fate of the area could not be agreed upon so the status has been undefined for almost 18 months. this disputed land is not just use by the dinca but arab no beds -- nomad come from the north to graze cattle. they say they are happy with the situation as long as they did not likely to the lan. >> they have been coming to the region for the last 250 years and we have never stopped them because they have showed up -- they are around in this region. they used to come for grazing for almost 250 years and we have never stopped them. for them, they used to come only for watering and grazing. and that is what our -- but now they have changed their plans.
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they want to take the land, too. >> today the town is almost deserted. tens of thousands fled in may when sudan armed forces attacked. buildings were destroyed and have been left to decay by a population afraid to return south stand once a referendum in which all permanent residents of the territory would be eligible to vote. if this went ahead, the -- would be excluded in the area would most certainly -- khartoum refusing to accept the proposal, in favor of practice in a jeep to shipping. the also depends on that area for trade. nomads are fearful what would happen if it would become part of south sudan. >> it is difficult -- politically the relationship is not good. these people are not doing much good. if it is part of south sudan, business will stop. >> before solutions are found that our concerns and there will be more fighting, in a place
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where almost 4000 u.n. soldiers are permanently station. in this dusty bit of no man's land between sudan and south sudan, the u.n. keeps fragile peace. it has become a political bargaining ship between -- and khartoum but for those who live here and the nomad to travel through here every year, it is much more important than that. both parties depend on this land for their survival. >> almost 20 years since the end of apartheid and education in south africa remains unequaled. south africa remains unequaled. the ruling
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